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How To Lay Ceramic Tiles - part 2 - Floor Tiling

Laying floor tiles

Date created

Wednesday, 11 May, 2016 - 16:42

Last updated

Wednesday, 11 May, 2016 - 16:42

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In this part of laying ceramic tiles I will be taking you through the step by step process of tiling. This includes: how to set out the room so it is ready to tile, laying your tiles, and laying your tile so they are ready to grout the next day.

Step: 

How to lay tiles part 2 - Floor Tiling

*Please read part 1 first for full detail

In this part of laying ceramic tiles I will be taking you through the step by step process of tiling. This includes: how to set out the room so it is ready to tile, laying your tiles, and laying your tile so they are ready to grout the next day.

Step 1 Floor tiling

The first thing that is needed after you have established that the sub straight or the surface we are laying our tiles on is correct, is the set out. The set out means that we must use chalk lines to mark the floor centres. Mark across the centre from wall to wall (width) and from wall to wall (length) with your chalk lines. With a large carpenters square check your lines on the floor are square. Make adjustment as necessary. So that you are not cutting every tile around the edge of the room adjust your centre lines (length line) sideways so that you have a full tile down one side if room.

It is better to have a full tile at the doorway if possible so also adjust your (width) centre line so you have a full tile if you can. The way to check it all work is to lay tiles along the centre lines (without glue) and that way you can adjust the line to suit the tiles. It is also important that you use spaces for the lay out as this will give you more of an accurate layout. See photo.

Step2 Apply Glue

Spread your glue with a 10mm x10mm notched towel in the centre of the room next to your centre layout lines however do not put your glue on the line as you will need to see the line so you can lay your tiles against it.

Step3 Install Tiles

Tile in sections of about 1m squared so that your glue does not form a skin. If the glue does skin over re-towel the area with fresh glue. If you tile on to semi dried glue your tile will be loose and come up. Apply the glue evenly and press your tiles into it to exclude the air and align it with the adjoining tiles. Be sure that the tiles are at the same height and that the edges of the tiles line up. If you are laying small mosaic tiles put the mat with the tiles on it onto your glue and use a wooden float to press it down evenly. Also make sure all your joins are even.

*Wait until the glue dries 12hours approx and get ready to grout.

 

Important Points to remember:

  • Mix your glue according the instructions on the bag. Not too wet or dry, test a small area if it is not right stop and add more water or dry glue.
  • Use mechanical mixer (electric) to get properly mixed glue.
  • Clean your tiles as you go with a damp cloth and the tile joints, this will make grouting much easier and quicker.
  • Use spacers to align your tiles.